The Dangers of Teeth Grinding

Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Dangers - TMJ Disorder / Dental DamageTeeth grinding is a dental problem that many people experience. Not surprisingly, people have misconceptions about the causes of teeth grinding, the problems that it can cause, and how it can be treated. We would like to go over some of the basics about teeth grinding and its dangers right now. By knowing the causes, symptoms, and dangers, you are more likely to consult with an Orange County cosmetic dentist and get the help that you need sooner rather than later.

About Teeth Grinding

Teeth grinding refers to the gnawing, clenching, and gnashing of teeth at night when a person sleeps. Clenching can also occur during daytime, but this nocturnal clenching is especially problematic.

Common Causes of Teeth Grinding

Many believe that stress is the primary cause of teeth grinding, which is actually incorrect. While stress can contribute to teeth grinding, the most common cause of this problem that our cosmetic dentist serving Orange County notices is actually maloclussion/tooth misalignment. When the teeth are improperly aligned, the jaw cannot find a good resting position, resulting in chomping and shifting. This places strain on the jaw and other structures of the mouth.

TMJ Disorders and Teeth Grinding

Since the grinding of the teeth places stress on the jaw, it’s no surprise that teeth grinding can result in a TMJ disorder. The TMJ (temporomandibular joint) is one of the most complicated joints in the entire body, and damage to the jaw can lead to clicking, popping, and locking.

Tooth Damage and Teeth Grinding

In addition to causing TMJ disorders, teeth grinding can also cause damage to the teeth. Very violent teeth grinding can result in chips, cracks, and even full breaks in tooth structure. It’s for these reasons that you need to take teeth grinding very seriously and seek treatment should you notice any jaw strain or tooth pain/damage in the morning.

Treating Teeth Grinding

There are three common treatments for teeth grinding itself:

  • A Night Guard – A night guard is a mouthpiece that patents wear at when they sleep. This bite guard will help prevent the teeth from coming into contact, reducing wear on the teeth and strain on the jaw in the process.
  • Orthodontic Care – For malocclusion, the best treatment is to undergo orthodontic care. Braces, headgear, and other appliances can really enhance your dental health.
  • Relaxation Techniques – If stress is contributing to a case of teeth grinding, patients should consider various stress relief methods (deep breathing, yoga, etc.) to reduce clenching and grinding.

Treating the Damage Caused by Teeth Whitening

As far as treating the damage caused by teeth grinding, sometimes it’s best to undergo a series of different restorative treatments at our practice serving Orange County. Full mouth reconstruction treatment may be just what you need to have a healthy smile again.

Schedule a Consultation for Dental Care Treatments

If you would like to learn more about treating teeth grinding and your many other options for achieving excellent dental health, be sure to contact our Orange cosmetic and restorative dentistry center today. The entire team here looks forward to meeting you in person and helping you achieve the best possible dental health and general wellness.

What Are Inlays and Onlays?

Orange County Inlays and OnlaysMetal fillings have traditionally been used to treat cavities. Unfortunately, metal fillings leave the teeth looking less than perfect. With inlays or onlays treatment, your old metal fillings can be replaced to leave your teeth looking flawless. If you are looking for an Orange County cosmetic dentistry practice, we welcome you to schedule a consultation with Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen. In the meantime, read on to learn about inlays and onlays and what this treatment can do for you.

What Are Inlays and Onlays?

Inlays and onlays are treatments designed to restore teeth damaged by tooth decay. Traditional fillings, inlays, and onlays are made of tooth colored materials, either porcelain or composite resin. Though inlays and onlays are used much in the same way as dental fillings, inlays and onlays are quite different.

A key difference is the treatment process for inlays and onlays. Traditional fillings are placed in a single dental visit, but inlays and onlays typically require two appointments. This is because inlays and onlays are custom made in a dental lab from impressions taken of the teeth. The impression is made during the first dental visit after the tooth is cleaned and all decayed areas are removed. When replacing old fillings with an inlay or onlay, the filling will be removed before the impression is made. Once the impression is made, a temporary filling will be place while the inlay or onlay is crafted. Once finished, a second dental appointment is needed to place the new inlay or onlay. 

The Difference between an Inlay and Onlay

Though inlays and onlays are used in similar ways, they are different from one another. Both inlays and onlays are used to treat decay and restore strength and function to damaged rear teeth (the molars and pre-molars), but they are used to treat different areas and amounts of damage.

Inlays are the smaller restoration of the two treatments. Inlays are used to treat decay and damage within the cusps of the back teeth. The cusps are the bumpy structures along the top of the molars that aid in chewing. Inlays are specifically used when decay is minimal and does not extend to the cusps.

Onlays, like inlays, are used to treat dental decay and damage. Onlays are different from inlays in that they are used when the damage is more extensive, which is why onlays are sometimes called partial crowns. Onlays are used when damage extends beyond one or more cusps, even as far as the side of a tooth.

Schedule a Consultation with Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen

The benefits of inlay and onlay treatment are endless. After undergoing treatment, patients enjoy the confidence of a smile free of unsightly metal restorations. Inlays and onlays are just one of many treatments to restore the look and function of your teeth.

Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen offers patients in Orange County full mouth reconstruction treatments, including inlays, onlays, and dental fillings, to improve oral health and appearance. We invite you to schedule a consultation with Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen today for your personalized treatment plan.

Periodontal Disease Treatments

Orange County Gum Disease TreatmentsThough the early signs of gum disease may go unnoticed or even ignored, untreated gum disease can lead to major dental problems. Gum disease begins with mild symptoms, which can progress to serious problems including tooth loss. Orange County cosmetic dentist Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen offers a number of procedures to treat gum disease. We invite you to schedule a consultation for your personalized treatment plan.  

What Is Gum Disease and What Are the Symptoms?

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is an infection of the gum tissue. Gum disease is caused by bacteria and plaque buildup. Because the teeth can be difficult to clean below the gum line, plaque and bacteria tend to build up along the gum line and underneath the gums, resulting in gum disease.

Gum disease has two stages, the first is called gingivitis and the second, more severe stage is called periodontitis. The symptoms of each stage are as follows:

  • Gingivitis: The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis. The symptoms of gingivitis are sometimes very mild, making them difficult to discern. Symptoms of gingivitis include gums that are red, swollen, and tender, and gums that bleed when brushing and flossing.
  • Periodontitis: The second stage of gum disease is periodontitis. Periodontitis is the most severe form of gum disease and results when infection has extended well below them gum line and into the jaw bone and surrounding tissue. The symptoms periodontitis include persistent bad breath, pockets around the teeth, and tooth loss.

Gum Disease Treatments

Gum disease treatments vary depending on the severity of infection. Treating the early stages of gum disease begins with practicing proper oral hygiene and seeing your dentist for regular dental checkups. Treating advanced gum disease may require multiple treatments. Treatments for gum disease include:

  • Practice Proper Oral Hygiene: Practicing proper oral hygiene is key to eliminating and preventing gum disease. Proper oral hygiene includes brushing at least twice a day for a minimum of two minutes per brushing, flossing once a day, and seeing a dentist for regular checkups and cleanings. Rinsing with an antiseptic mouthwash can also be beneficial in reducing the risk of developing gum disease.
  • Root Planing and Scaling: Root planing and scaling is a deep cleaning procedure designed to remove plaque buildup from above and below the gum line and create a smooth surface to which the gums can re-attach.
  • Gingivectomy: A gingivectomy may need to be performed to remove diseased gum tissue. During a gingivectomy, infected tissue is surgically removed and the gums are reshaped.
  • Flap Procedure: The flap procedure is a treatment in which portions of the gums are cut, creating a flap, and pulled away from the tooth. The tooth roots are then thoroughly cleaned, and any bone damage is repaired. Finally, the flap is stitched back in place. 
  • Bone Grafts: A bone graft may need to be performed if the gum disease has spread to the jaw bone. Bone grafts are used to replace damaged bone and can be done with either bone from your own body or a synthetic grafting material.

Schedule a Consultation

Don’t put off treatment! If you have suffered from tooth loss as a result of gum disease, we can restore your smile. For our patients in Orange County, dental implants are the preferred option for the replacement of missing teeth. Schedule a consultation today to see which treatments are right for you. 

Are Dental Implants Right for Me?

Orange County Dental Implant CandidatesIf missing teeth cause you embarrassment or make it difficult to eat, you may benefit from dental implants. Dental implant treatment offers a permanent, natural feeling solution to tooth loss. Orange County cosmetic dentist Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen offers dental implants to restore smiles and confidence. We invite you to schedule a consultation with Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen to see if you’re a candidate for dental implants.

What Are Dental Implants?

Dental implants are titanium posts, which act as replacement tooth roots. Dental implants are surgically placed within the jawbone. The bone heals around the implant and creates a permanent, secure bond. Different types of dental restorations can be attached depending on your specific needs. Dental restorations include porcelain crowns, implant-supported bridges, or implant-supported dentures.

The total time required for the dental implant process varies from patient to patient. Some patients require bone grafts prior to dental implant surgery. If so, the dental implant will not be placed for five to nine months to ensure proper healing of the bone graft. Once the dental implant is placed, the jawbone needs to fully heal before a dental restoration can be attached. The jawbone may take two to six months to heal after the implant has been placed.

Are You a Candidate for Dental Implants?

Candidates for dental implants are missing one or more teeth. Candidates must also be in good general health in order to tolerate oral surgery. The gums and remaining teeth should be in good health as well. It is important the gums are healthy and free of infection to reduce the likelihood of complications after implant surgery.

Candidates for dental implants must also have sufficient jawbone. Once teeth are lost, the jawbone begins to disintegrate; as such, the longer you’ve lived with missing teeth, the more likely the jawbone has diminished. X-rays are taken to determine the state of the jawbone. If the jawbone is insufficient, a bone graft can be performed to rebuild the jaw. With a bone graft, either bone from another part of the body or a synthetic material can be used to restore the jaw.

In summary, dental implant candidates include:

  • Those in good general health
  • Those with healthy gums and teeth
  • Those missing one or more teeth
  • Those with sufficient jawbone

Which Dental Implant Restoration Is Right for Me?

There are different types of restorations for dental implants. For our patients in Orange County, dental implants can be used in conjunction with dental crowns, bridges, or dentures. If you are only missing one or two teeth, a dental crown restoration may be best for you. For those missing two to four teeth, implant-supported bridges may be most appropriate. For patients missing all of their teeth or just the top or bottom teeth, implant-supported dentures may be most beneficial.  Even long-term denture wearers may benefit from dental implants.

Contact Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen Today!

You don’t have to live with missing teeth. There are multiple dental implant options sure to fit your specific needs. Schedule a consultation with Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen today to discover if you’re a candidate for dental implants and to learn how dental implants can improve your life. 

The Difference between Veneers and Bonding

Orange County Dental Bonding vs. Porcelain VeneersYou don’t have to be embarrassed by the appearance of your teeth. With porcelain veneers or dental bonding, you can have a flawless, bright smile. Both porcelain veneers and dental bonding treatments are used to improve the appearance of the teeth. The treatment you choose depends on your desired results along with your dentist’s treatment recommendation. If you are considering porcelain veneers or dental bonding, we welcome you to schedule a consultation at the Orange County cosmetic dentistry practice of Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen.

What Are Porcelain Veneers?

Porcelain veneers are tooth shaped, thin shells, which are applied to the front surface of damaged or aesthetically flawed teeth. Veneers are made of porcelain, a material that closely mimics the qualities of natural teeth. They are shaded to match the surrounding teeth or can be crafted in a brighter shade of white. Each veneer is custom-made to fit perfectly within the mouth.

Porcelain veneer treatment is generally completed in two dental visits. In the first visit, we create impressions of the treated teeth so dental technicians can craft the custom veneers. It is also during this initial visit that a small amount of enamel is removed from the teeth to allow room for the veneers. Once the veneers are ready, another dental visit will be needed to cement the veneers into place.

What Is Dental Bonding?

Dental bonding is similar to porcelain veneer treatment in that it is used to improve the aesthetics of the teeth by hiding flaws. Dental bonding is different from porcelain veneer treatment in a number of ways. Dental bonding uses a putty-like composite resin instead of porcelain. The malleable resin is tooth-colored and can be shaped to the desired size and appearance.

Enamel does not need to be removed as with veneer treatment; instead a chemical is applied to the surface of the teeth to make them porous and allow for the resin to bond firmly. Once the resin is formed to the proper shape, a special light or laser is used to harden the resin. Once hardened, the resin is finely shaped and polished to complete the treatment. Dental bonding can be completed in a single dental visit whereas veneers treatment typically requires two.

Dental Issues Treated with Porcelain Veneers and Dental Bonding

For our patients in Orange County, porcelain veneers and dental bonding can be used to treat many of the same dental issues.  Here are just some of the dental conditions porcelain veneers or dental bonding can be used to repair.

  • Yellowed, stained teeth: The shade of the porcelain veneers and dental bonding material can be adjusted to improve the overall look of your teeth and rejuvenate your smile.
  • Minor chips or fractures: Small chips, cracks, or fractures can be masked by veneers and bonding. Both porcelain veneers and dental bonding can restore the strength and integrity of damaged teeth.
  • Gaps between teeth: Dental bonding and porcelain veneers can be applied to close gaps between teeth and create more symmetrical looking smiles.
  • Small teeth: Small teeth can be lengthened or enlarged to a more proportionate size with either porcelain veneers or dental bonding.
  • Large teeth: The appearance of large teeth can also be improved with dental bonding or porcelain veneers. The tooth can be filed down and then reshaped with the use of dental bonding or veneers.

Schedule a consultation today to see which treatment is right for you!

Instant Orthodontics Candidates

Instant Orthodontics CandidatesIf you want to have a smile that looks great and its healthiest, the key is to have teeth that are properly aligned and even. This is a sure way to make a lasting positive impression on people. Not everyone is born with a perfect smile, however. In fact, many times people have minor problems with the appearance of their smiles that could be corrected. That’s where instant orthodontics comes into play.

Many people are unaware of instant orthodontics and what the treatment means, so we’d like to go over the issue in brief detail. When you meet with a skilled Orange County cosmetic dentist, you can discuss instant orthodontics at greater length.

What is instant orthodontics?

Instant orthodontics is not orthodontic treatment per se but rather a major innovation in cosmetic dentistry. Instant orthodontics is actually a nickname for porcelain veneers, these thin shells of special dental ceramic that are affixed to the front portions of your teeth. The porcelain veneers are semi-translucent like natural tooth material, meaning that they look great in natural light or artificial light.

Problems That Porcelain Veneers Can Address

Orange County porcelain veneers are a great option to consider for treating the following problems:

  • Slightly crooked teeth
  • Slightly uneven teeth
  • Minor tooth gaps and spacing issues
  • Chipped teeth
  • Cracked teeth
  • Stained teeth

Best Candidates for Porcelain Veneers

The best candidates for porcelain veneers are people who suffer from minor aesthetic flaws in their smile. Since porcelain veneers are only a cosmetic solution, it’s important that patients be in otherwise good dental health. It’s also important for patients to have realistic expectations about porcelain veneers and what they are able to achieve. The porcelain veneers procedure is irreversible, so patients need to make sure that they have a solid understanding of what to expect.

The Porcelain Veneers Procedure

During the porcelain veneers procedure at our Orange County cosmetic dentistry center, a small amount of tooth structure needs to first be removed from the front of the tooth. This is less than half a millimeter, and is simply done to accommodate the veneer itself. Once the tooth is prepped, an impression is made of the tooth. From this impression, the porcelain veneer is crafted. Once it is created, the porcelain veneer can be affixed in place. Dentists will make final adjustments to the veneer before it is finally adhered.

Alternatives to Porcelain Veneers

While porcelain veneers are great for many cosmetic issues, they are not the only solution out there for effective smile design. For major issues with tooth misalignment, the best option for patients would be to undergo actual orthodontic care. This will improve alignment in more than an aesthetic manner.

For other cosmetic issues with the smile, such as tooth damage and dental stains, some other options that may be helpful include teeth whitening, dental bonding, and dental crowns. We’d be more than happy to discuss all of these options with you during your visit to our practice.

Learn More About Advanced Dental Care Treatment Options

For more information about porcelain veneers and your many other options for advanced dental care, be sure to contact our Orange County cosmetic and restorative dentistry practice today. The entire team here looks forward to meeting you in person and helping you get the healthy and beautiful smile that you’ve always wanted.

Full Mouth Reconstruction Recovery

Full Mouth Reconstruction RecoveryOne of the best options for achieving optimal dental health is to undergo a full mouth reconstruction. Many people are unaware that such a treatment exists, let alone what a full mouth reconstruction might entail. The team at our Orange County cosmetic dentistry office would like to take a moment right now to look at these matters in greater detail and give you an idea what to expect from treatment and what the recovery process is like.

What is a full mouth reconstruction?

A full mouth reconstruction involves a combination of multiple dental treatments performed in order to restore the total health of a patient’s mouth. By doing this, a dentist is able to give patients the best possible comprehensive care for the teeth, the gums and soft tissues in the mouth, and even the bone structure in the jaw.

What will my full mouth reconstruction be like?

Each full mouth reconstruction is custom-tailored to the needs of the patient. When you visit our Orange County cosmetic and restorative dentistry practice, we will go step by step through your treatment plan so you understand what to expect during each stage of your treatment.

Detailed Instructions for Post-Treatment Care

In order to ensure the best possible results of a full mouth reconstruction, we will provide detailed instructions for aftercare and recovery. This will provide you with a good understanding of things to do, things to avoid, and the duration of recovery. Below are just some basics to consider based on various common treatments used during a full mouth reconstruction.

Recovery for Dental Implants

It should be noted that patients may have a tooth or multiple teeth extracted weeks or months before they get their Orange County dental implants surgically placed. Following tooth extraction, patients may notice swelling or discomfort for a day or two, though both can be addressed by placing a cold compress against the face in the area of the tooth extraction.

Following dental implants surgery, patients will need to change their diet for the first week. We recommend foods that are soft and cold, such as baby food, ice cream, and yogurt. Patients are also recommended to avoid using straws during the first week of surgery since this can impact healing.

Recovery for Soft Tissue Treatments

Following any sort of gum treatment, it’s extremely important that patients avoid brushing or flossing in the area that the gums were treated since this can harm the healing tissue. Instead, patients will be given a special rinse to help manage plaque.

For one week, patients will be on a diet of cool, soft foods, such as jello, yogurt, soft-cooked vegetables, and ice cream. We will recommend that patients chew in parts of the mouth that have not been treated to reduce stress on the treated tissues.

Recovery for Dental Restorations

After getting major dental restorations such as inlays, onlays, or dental crowns, we will recommend that patients be mindful or their diet for the first few days, especially if they have to wear temporary dental restorations first. This means to eat soft, non-sticky foods and to chew on the side of the mouth that has not been treated. Special care should be taken when flossing around the dental restoration in the first week as well.

Learn More About Advanced Dental Care

For more information about full mouth reconstructions and your many other options for advanced dental care, be sure to contact our Orange County cosmetic dentistry center today. Our entire team looks forward to meeting you in person and helping you achieve the best possible dental health in the process.

TMJ

As the years went by, I had spent close to $20.000 for appliances made by my dentists, to find relief of my TMJ pains. Lately I started my Internet search of a TMJ specialist. Thank God I found Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen, so easily.
 
Since my initial consultation, Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen recommended a treatment plan which excited me, because I had not heard of anything like it before. Basically Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen had elevated my bite in the most relaxed neuromuscular position, to place over my lower teeth, a fixed resin called Orthosis. Within15 minutes I felt relief of my TMJ soreness. That night I could hear better, the next morning I had no pain in my TMJ, face, neck and upper back. I felt 20 years younger. My zest of live is returning. After I told Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen about my experience, she said ” You made my day” and I replied to her “You made my life”.
 
“Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen and her staff are wonderful professionals. It is obvious they care in providing the best for their patients.
I will always rely on her for my dental needs”.
 
Mary-Ruff King

TMJ Disorder Diagnosis and Testing

Orange County TMJ Disorder DiagnosisTo test for TMJ disorder and determine a patient’s ideal jaw posture, Orange County cosmetic dentist Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen employs the use of the most accurate and effective diagnostic aids. Read on to learn more about TMJ disorder testing and treatment.

Transcutaneous Electrical Neural Stimulation (TENS)

Transcutaneous Electrical Neural Stimulation (TENS) is a technology that uses low frequency electrical pulses that cause the muscles to contract. The contraction of the muscles produces a massaging effect that reduces pain and eases the jaw muscles into proper alignment. This enables Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen to accurately determine your optimal bite position so treatment can be designed according to these specifications.

Electromyography (EMG)

The Electromyography (EMG) test involves the placement of sensors on the head and neck to measure muscle activity and dysfunction. If muscle tension descends from the head to the neck, this is an indication of TMJ disorder. With the EMG test, Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen can identify problems with the patient’s jaw muscle function and bite. The testing can be performed prior to, during, and after TENS therapy to precisely measure the level of muscle strength, tension, and relaxation in the patient’s jaw during different stages of treatment.

Computerized Jaw Tracking Instrumentation

With computerized jaw tracking technology, Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen can monitor the movement of the mandible in three-dimensions. The test involves use of a headset and a specialized magnet that is placed on the gums below the front facing, lower teeth. These devices track jaw movement, the patient’s resting position, and the manner in which the jaw moves from open to closed position so Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen can pinpoint the dysfunction that is causing the TMJ disorder.

Sonography (SONO)

With the Sonography test, Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen records the sounds that the jaw joint makes when moving the jaw from an open to resting position; this test assists Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen in identifying any abnormalities of the jaw.

TMJ Treatment

To restore neuromuscular harmony and bring the jaw into its ideal resting position, Dr. Dao Kim Pham-Nguyen may recommend the splint therapy Orthosis, which is a special mouth guard that can be worn by patients at night. The mouth guard will protect the teeth, relax the muscles, limit muscle strain, and help the patient maintain a comfortable jaw posture while they sleep.

For our patients in Orange County, TMJ treatment usually involves nightly use of a mouth guard. However, other dental treatments may be performed to align the bite. These include:

  • Orthodontic treatment: Crooked teeth and an overbite, underbite, or crossbite can prevent patients from finding a comfortable resting position for the jaw. Orthodontic treatment with traditional braces or Invisalign® can move the teeth into alignment and improve the patient’s bite.
  • Replacement of missing teeth: When a patient is missing a tooth (or multiple teeth), the remaining teeth slowly move out of their ideal position and adversely affect the patient’s bite. Replacing any missing teeth with dental implants, bridges, or dentures can resolve this issue.
  • The use of dental crowns or onlays: The placement of dental crowns or onlays over the biting surface of a tooth may resolve a patient’s bite problems.

For diagnosis and treatment of TMJ disorder, contact our Orange County practice today.

Half of American Adults Have Periodontal Disease

CDC: Half of American Adults Have Periodontal Disease

For the first time, the NHANES included a full-mouth periodontal examination.

One out of every two American adults aged 30 or older has periodontal disease, according to new findings from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  A study titled “Prevalence of Periodontitis in Adults in the United States:  2009 and 2010”, estimates that 47.2%, or 64.7 million American adults, have mild, moderate, or severe penodontitis.  In adults over age 65, prevalence rates increase to 70.1%.  The study was published in August in the Journal of Dental Research, the official publication of the International and American Associations for Dental Research.

The findings were collected as part of the CDC’s 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), a program of studies designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States.  The 2009-2010 survey included, for the first time, a full-mouth periodontal examination, making it the most comprehensive survey of oral health ever conducted in the United States.  The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) has been working closely with the CDC since 2003 to determine the extent, severity, and prevalence of periodontal disease in the United States.

“This is the most accurate picture of periodontal disease in the US adult population we have ever had.” said Pamela McClain, DDS, president of the American Academy of Peniodontology and a practicing periodontist in Aurora, Colorado.

The data indicate prevalence disparities among certain segments of the US population.  Periodontal disease is higher in men than women (56.4% vs. 38.4%) and is highest in Mexican-Americans (66.7%) compared to other races.  Other segments with high prevalence rates include current smokers (64.2%); those living below the federal poverty level (65.4%); and those with less than a high school education (66.9%).

The American Academy of Periodontology’s Comprehensive Periodontal Therapy Statement, published in the July 2011 issue of the Journal of Periodontology, outlines specific procedures that should be included in annual comprehensive periodontal evaluations to receive an accurate diagnosis, including both probing depth and attachment loss measurements.

12 INSIDE DENTISTRY | November 2012 | www.dentalaegis.com/id